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Write using your detailed plan. Expect to write several drafts.


An essay has three parts: the introduction, a body and a conclusion.

Three parts of an essay. See link for long description

An essay has a beginning (introduction) that:

  • introduces topic/context
  • states argument
  • outlines main points

It has a middle (body) that:

  • has a series of paragraphs that develop the argument
  • each paragraph contains one main idea
  • each topic sentence links directly to the argument

It has an end (conclusion) that:

  • restates argument
  • sums up
  • relates to broader context

The diagram below illustrates the overall structure of a typical essay.

Overall structure of an essay showing the introduction introducing the argument, a series of body paragraphs with the conclusion at the end.